This is series of TOEFL iBT listening practice tests. They help you practice to answer all types of questions in the TOEFL Listening section.
This listening test includes various conversations and lectures, which are very closed to the contents of official TOEFL iBT tests.
* Question 1. Listen to a musicologist talk about drums.
Drums can be divided according to shape. Some of the types are tubular, vessel, and frame drums.
One of the most common tubular drums is the long drum. A lot of long drums are cylindrical—they have the same diameter from top to bottom—like this Polynesian drum. This drum was carved from a length of tree trunk and has a single-skin head.
For vessel drums, we have the kettledrum. Kettledrums have a single membrane stretched over a pot or vessel body. Vessel drums come in a variety of sizes, from the very large drums of Africa to the very compact and portable drums like this one from Hawaii.
The third type I want you to sec is the frame drum. A frame drum consists of one or two membranes stretched over a simple frame, which is usually made of thin wood. The frame is shallow, which adds little resonance when the skin is beaten. A lot of frame drums—like this Turkish tar—have metal jingles attached to the rim.
* Questions 2 through 3. Listen to a biology professor talk about caves.
The interior of a cave is divided into three zones. The entrance zone may serve as a place of shelter for animals or people. Prehistoric humans used entrance zones of caves as shelters and burial grounds. Therefore, such zones are of interest to archaeologists, as they provide clues to the habitat of early human beings.
The next zone is called the twilight zone. The twilight zone is sheltered from direct sunlight and is home to a large, diverse population of animals such as salamanders, bats, and during severe winters, bears.
The third zone, the dark zone, is the true cave environment. Perpetually dark, it has only slight seasonal changes in temperature, few if any air currents, and a constant relative humidity of nearly 100 percent. In the dark zone live animals that have adapted to the world of darkness, including small shrimp, beetles, spiders, and fish. These animals are usually blind, and some lack eyes altogether. Since no green plants grow in caves, these animals depend largely on food that is washed in by streams or mud.
* Questions 4 through 5. Listen to a psychology professor talk about personality types.
The theory of personality types suggests there are pairs of what arc known as “type preferences.” Type preferences are not the same as character traits that can be worked on and changed. Rather, they’re preferred ways of being in the world different … uh … different ways of …uh … experiencing daily life.
One well known pair of type preferences is extraversión introversion. Some people are extraverts and some are introverts.
Extraverted people are—by nature continuously aware of events outside of themselves. Extraverts turn outward—to the world around them—to pick up … uh … ideas, values, and interests. Extraverts, therefore, usually have a variety of interests and sort of take an active approach to life.
Introversion is the just the opposite. Introverts look inward for resources. Introverts pursue fewer interests, but on a much deeper level. They sort of take a reflective approach to life. What I mean is, they involve themselves in inner events, ideas, and impressions. Introverted people usually prefer to learn in private, individual ways.
3. No, Yes, Yes, No.
4. Prefers looking outward to the world – Extravert
Prefers learning in private, individual ways – Introvert
Has a variety of interests – Extravert
Has fewer interests, but on a deeper level – Introvert
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