This is a new TOEFL iBT Writing test for you to practice and prepare for TOEFL Test 2018. The test format and timing are set exactly like in real TOEFL iBT test.
You should write your own essay, then compare it with sample essay to check how well you’ve written. The video also provides rater’s comments on the essays, so you can check how your essay is scored.
Practicing on these TOEFL tests helps raise your score in the TOEFL Writing Section. This is also a great exercise to practice writing and listening English in general.
* READING PASSAGE
Fair elections depend on voting systems that best show which candidate is favored among the public. For this reason, many people have proposed that a computerized voting system which could be completed over the Internet be implemented. There are several advantages to using computerized voting systems rather than traditional voting systems.
First, computerized voting systems are much safer than using paper ballots. At every election, much care has to be taken in order to properly handle paper ballots. Unfortunately, the current system allows many opportunities for dishonesty. For example, someone could easily add extra ballots to an election when dealing with paper voting systems. Basically, computerized voting systems eliminate most of the chances for human errors, making voting safe, accurate, and reliable.
Second, the proposed system is much more affordable than the use of paper ballots. The current voting system requires thousands of ballots to be printed out on paper. The sheer volume of ballots needed makes this a very expensive task. However, a computerized voting system does not use any paper at all. Therefore, governments do not end up spending a fortune to produce the paper ballots, which translates into huge savings.
Finally, computerized voting systems result in fewer lost votes. Obviously, lost votes pose a big problem for elections. Unfortunately, it is very easy for a paper ballot to get lost during the craziness of an election. Additionally, some votes have to be thrown out if it is not clear which candidate the voter meant to specify. With computerized voting systems, however, all ballots are registered on an electronic database. It is impossible for computerized voting systems to lose votes.
* AUDIO SCRIPT OF LECTURE
Computerized voting systems have drawn a lot of attention recently as a possible alternative to the current paper-based systems. Many governments are currently looking into switching to the new system. However, before we change everything, I think it is important to consider some of the drawbacks of using such a system. Let me give you three examples of how computerized voting systems are bad.
First, supporters of the computerized system say that it is a lot safer than the current voting methods. But that’s not true at all. Let’s be honest: there are just as many possibilities for the system to be mishandled over the internet as on paper. If we’re going to start voting over the Internet, we have to be aware of the dangers that are present on the web. For example, hackers could completely ruin an election if they were to attack the computer- based system. A skilled hacker with a particular partiality could easily get into the system and add or subtract votes. Clearly, this is no safer than paper ballots.
Next, computerized systems aren’t actually cheaper for governments, either. En order to implement the system, a lot of expensive equipment is needed for counting and managing the electronic votes. So if a country wants to switch over, they’ll have to be willing to invest in the equipment to begin with, The expenses don’t stop there, See, these machines cost money to maintain and operate. Overall, the system would introduce an on-going expense for governments rather than saving money.
Finally, I want to clarify that it is possible for computerized systems to lose votes. In fact, they result in more lost votes than traditional paper ballots. Why? The system relies entirely on machines to sort and count votes. This is ail very nice when it’s functioning, but what happens if the machines break down. A mechanical failure would result in the loss of all the votes registered on that computer. In the end, thousands of votes could be lost from a single failure.
toefl ibt,toefl test,online english test,ets toefl,toefl practice,toefl practice test,english language test,toefl exam,toefl preparation,toefl test online,toefl sample test,toefl writing practice